Impotence is the inability to attain or maintain an erection of the penis that is firm enough for sexual intercourse.
To initiate and maintain an erection, the penis must fill with blood. One type of blood vessels open wide to allow blood into the penis. Meanwhile, a second type of blood vessel squeezes down to keep the blood from leaving the penis. Nerve signals cause the proper changes in the blood vessels.
The following factors can cause erectile dysfunction:
The blood vessels that keep the blood from leaving the penis may be injured or have disease. This can cause a leak in these vessels. Blood can escape through these leaks during an erection. This means that an erection cannot be made or may not last long.
Problems with the nerves and blood vessels can cause impotence. Conditions that can cause problems include:
- Nerve dysfunction—can reduce feeling in the penis, resulting in impotence
- Diabetes —interferes with nerve signals
- Hardening of the arteries —can cause reduced blood flow
- Peripheral neuropathy, spinal cord injury, and surgery—can damage nerves
- Side-effects from medications
Blood Vessels and Nerves of Male Pelvis
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Many of the nerve signals needed for an erection come from the brain. Emotional problems may play a role in men who suddenly develop impotence.
Last reviewedSeptember 2013by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.