Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. This gland is in the neck. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism. The surgery may be a:

  • Total or near-total thyroidectomy—all of the thyroid is removed
  • Thyroid lobectomy or partial thyroidectomy—removal of only a part of the right or left lobe and/or center of the thyroid

The Thyroid Gland
The Thyroid
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

All or part of the thyroid gland may be surgically removed for any of the following reasons:

  • Overactive thyroid, known as hyperthyroidism, due to Graves disease or an over-functioning nodule
  • Enlarged thyroid, known as a goiter, causing significant symptoms because of its size
  • Thyroid nodule(s) that are suspicious or cause concern for thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid cancer