image for cold weather running article Visibility is crucial for running in any kind of weather. With fewer hours of sunlight during the winter months, being visible becomes more of a challenge. If you are fortunate enough to find some daylight time to run, choose clothes that are in contrast to your surroundings. For snowy days, bright clothes work well because they provide contrast and attract warm sunlight. Reflective clothing is a must for running at dusk or in the dark so drivers or others on the road can see you.

Today’s fabrics make it easier than ever to run in the cold. The best approach for cold weather running is to dress in layers. Layers work in two ways. They trap heat to keep the body warm, and they can be removed as conditions change. Runner-friendly garments have zippers and vents to let out excess heat, and they can be easily folded and carried. One thing to keep in mind—it is okay to be a little chilly as you start your workout because once you start running you will warm up quickly.

Running specialists recommend dressing in three upper body layers. The first layer should be made of a wicking material, such as polyester, silk, or polypropylene, so that moisture is drawn away from the body. Avoid cotton since it absorbs and holds moisture in, increasing the chance for chills. The next layer is the insulation layer, the one that keeps you warm. Fleece is a good choice for this middle layer. For the final layer, look for windproof, waterproof materials. Protect your legs with running pants of appropriate material and thickness.

The same layering technique is recommended for hands and feet. For hands, wear a glove liner followed by an outer mitten or glove. To keep your feet warm, try inner polypropylene socks followed by wool socks. Keep in mind that this doubling up may make your running shoes too small. If your feet feel constricted, opt for a larger pair. When you buy running shoes, take this into consideration. It is best to buy shoes at the end of the day when your feet are their largest. Bring your running socks with you when you get fitted.

Finally, since body heat can be lost through your head, make sure to wear a hat. Consider choosing one made of wind-block fleece for warmth and protection.